Elizabeth was born
in Johnstown, New York, the daughter of Margaret Livingston and
Daniel Cady, the town's most prominent citizens. When Elizabeth's
only brother died her father said, "Oh my daughter, I wish
you were a boy!" Young Elizabeth tried to replace the son her
father had lost. She went to school at the Johnstown Academy and
at Emma Willard's Troy Female Seminary and did very well in school.
She also learned a lot about the law from her father, who trained
many of New York's lawyers.
In 1984 Elizabeth
married Henry B. Stanton, a man who was famous for speaking out
against slavery. Elizabeth had the word "obey" dropped
from the marriage wording of the wedding vows. Elizabeth and Henry
had seven children between 1842 and 1859. Elizabeth's family kept
her very busy, but she still found time to write and she also became
friends with Lucretia Mott, a woman who helped open Elizabeth's
eyes to the unfair treatment of women.
and Henry moved their family from Boston to the village of Seneca
Falls, New York, in 1847, Elizabeth found that she was bored with
small town life. Eventually her boredom and her belief that women
deserved to be treated better, led her to start the first womens
rights convention in Seneca Falls in July of 1848. At the convention
Elizabeth and other women decided that women should be socially
and politically equal to men. They determined that they would fight
to change the laws that said women could not vote.
Elizabeth met Susan
B. Anthony in March of 1851. Susan and Elizabeth made a very good
team. Susan did not have children so she had the freedom to travel
and speak to people about women's rights. Elizabeth, stayed home
and took care of her family, but also found time to write powerful
speeches, research the laws, and write articles supporting women's
rights. In 1860 Elizabeth and Susan helped pass a new law that allowed
married women to own property, engage in business, manage their
income, and be joint guardian of their children.
Over the years Elizabeth
and Susan worked together in many organizations to gain equal voting
rights for African American men and all women. They also published
a womens rights newspaper. Once Elizabeth's children became
older, she was able to become a traveling lecturer and was able
to tell many audiences how she felt about women's rights. Elizabeth
maintained close contact with her friend Susan as the two women
continued to seek rights for all women, nationally and internationally.
In the 1890s, Elizabeth
was still writing and often submitted articles or essays to leading
national newspapers and magazines. She became a well-known writer
and women's advocate, especially after she wrote a women's version
of the Bible that corrected passages in the bible that were demeaning
to women. Elizabeth was living with two of her children in New York
City when she died shortly before her 87th birthday. Susan B. Anthony
was so sad she couldn't even talk about her good friend, Elizabeth.
Elizabeth nor her friend Susan lived to see women get the vote.
Together, they improved the political and social condition of women
in our country. Their hard work is still appreciated by women today.